On 11th April 2014, I became a Permanent Resident of Canada! It was a very happy day for the both of us – it meant we were now able to live in Canada together as long as we like without any visa restrictions.
Originally posted 2016, updated 2018.
Becoming a permanent resident of Canada
This is the story of how I became a Permanent Resident of Canada. You are welcome to leave a comment at the end of the post with questions about my experience.
A Permanent Resident is an immigrant who can live in Canada permanently but cannot vote, run for political office or have a Canadian passport. After a certain amount of time as a PR, they can apply for become a citizen and then do all of the above should they wish.
There is also one very important obligation that PRs have – they have to live in Canada for at least two years of every five to keep permanent residency status (though there are some exceptions).
A long working holiday in canada
November 2011 – Jean Robert and I had just finished a three-month road trip around Europe and headed to British Columbia in the hopes of perhaps working in a ski resort for a year or so. Only six months later (after a successful season snowboarding and working at Vancouver Island’s Mount Washington) we were getting into the swing of BC life and started to wonder if we would be both able to stay longer. JR, being a Canadian citizen, could stay forever if he wanted. It was me that was the problem.
As a British citizen, I could apply (at the time) for two one-year working holiday visas, one of which I was already halfway through, and the other I had already applied for. Once I activated the second, we would then be on a ticking clock for departure. I knew it was very unlikely I would be able to get a visa via work sponsorship as my job was minimum wage and limited to the winter season.
Why don’t you just get married?
As a Plan B, I started to research what options there were for partners of Canadian citizens. I found out pretty quickly that applying for Permanent Residency was an option for both married and common-law couples. And what does ‘common law’ mean, you may ask? According to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC), it means ‘living with your partner for at least 12 consecutive months in a relationship like a marriage.’
Well, this changed everything. By this point, we had lived together for almost three years so we were set. Throughout the application process, I actually had many people ask me why we didn’t get married to make things easier and here is the answer. It doesn’t necessarily make the process any faster as applications from married and common law couples are considered together.
Preparing the common law application
Fast forward to the start of winter and we made the decision to go ahead with the application. It is not something to be taken lightly as the costs are certainly not low (we spent $2500 total, fees, paperwork, photos and medical all in) and it takes time to put the actual application together. In our case, it took approximately two months from when I first looked at the documentation checklist on the CIC website to actually putting our application in the mail.
Both married and common law couples have to prove that their relationship is ‘loving, ongoing and genuine’ for their application to be approved. As a common law couple, we also had to prove that we had been living together as if we were married (shared bank accounts, paying bills together, mail at the same address). This means there is a LOT of gathering of documentation that must be done even before any forms could even be filled out.
Inland vs. outland
Something else that has to be decided before completing any forms is whether to apply inland or outland. When applying for PR via the common law/spousal sponsorship route, the applicant has a choice of ways to file. Outland means the application is processed outside of Canada, in the applicant’s home country or nearest processing office. Inland means processing happens in Canada – for this, the applicant must be living in Canada throughout the application. Outland is usually faster than inland (depends on the visa office) but with the inland process, a work permit can be applied for, allowing the applicant to work while waiting.
I personally decided to apply inland (reasons explained later). I can’t really recommend applying one way or the other because it really depends on your own situation. However, if I had to do the application again, I would apply outland.
Finding proof of our relationship
To prove that Jean Robert and I had a loving/ongoing/genuine relationship we provided:
- A collection of 20 photos taken of us in various stages of our relationship so far (some from the beginning, middle and a few very recent ones)
- A few other photos of us with various family members, including a couple from my cousin’s wedding
- Five personal letters from close family and friends (my parents, JR’s dad, three good friends)
- Two notarized letters from our managers (also friends)
- Screenshots of Facebook messages and emails between us – after meeting, before JR moved to the UK, some recent
My top tip: Provide a range of evidence but also be careful not to overwhelm the processing officer. If including Facebook message and emails, they do not need to see EVERY message you have ever sent each other. Choose a selection from throughout your relationship. Likewise, sending hundreds of photos is overkill.
Proving common law status
Proving we had lived together for the length of our relationship was more difficult since we were never really ‘officially’ (on paper) living anywhere together until a few months before we put in the application. Despite sharing our finances and living together for around three years, we had little physical proof of it. I only one tenancy agreement from five different places we had lived, no shared bank account and few shared utility bills. For five months we actually didn’t even have an address as we were living in a van and travelling Europe. When we lived in the UK, Jean Robert didn’t even have a bank account (long story). In end we used:
- Shared bank account details (open a few months before the application)
- Copy of current tenancy agreement
- Signed and notarized statutory declaration of common-law union
- Copies of our driver’s licenses with the same address
I also included any vaguely official documentation I could find that had both of our names on it as well as some more anecdotal evidence. Here are some of the documents we sent:
- Jean Robert’s work health insurance coverage (I was listed as a common-law partner)
- Joint car insurance that we had for six months
- Flights to Canada booked together
- A wedding invitation to both of us
- Shared utility bill
- Library cards listed at the same address
- Matching stamps in our passports from our travels together
- Screenshots from the blog I kept about our three month Europe trip
completing and sending the common law application
The actual application forms were fairly straightforward. My advice for applicants is to be patient and thorough.
- Read the guide (5525) several times in full before even attempting to complete the forms.
- Don’t rush! Trying to save time at this stage may lose you time later if your application is returned or deemed incomplete.
- Can’t open the forms? Save them onto your desktop and open from there. If still not working (PC users), right click and select ‘open with’ and then ‘Adobe Acrobat Reader.’
- Some forms have to be validated – don’t forget to print out and include the barcode page if one is created after validation.
- Do not leave gaps on any of the forms – if a field doesn’t apply to you, write ‘N/A.’
- When finished, triple check every document for missed signatures. If you miss one (and I did), your application’s process will be paused and the document in question returned to you.
- Organise your application in a folder (with dividers) as per the Document Checklist for easy reading and processing.
- DO NOT USE STAPLES!
- Before sending, go through the Document Checklist again to make sure you have everything required.
- Send your application to the correct address – there are different processing centres for inland and outland applicants.
Our application ended up as a one-kilogram paper monster – I wish I had taken a photo.
The long wait and a potentially risky trip home
I applied inland as I wanted the work permit – problem was, processing times were delayed and instead of receiving it six months into the application, I was advised it would be a year or more*. Turns out it didn’t matter so much anyway as the ski resort I was working at experienced the worst winter in years and was closed much of the season. I decided to take an opportunity to go home to the UK, my first visit in over two years. I was taking a risk in leaving the country while having an inland application in process, but by then I had my work permit and felt it was unlikely I would be refused entry.
*Note – With the work permit system changing relatively soon after my application, delays like this are now rare.
decision made – so near and yet so far
While in the UK, I found out that a decision had been made on my application. A little after my return to Canada (I had no trouble getting back in), I received a letter stating that I would be granted PR. The downside was that I had to wait for an interview in Vancouver as I had applied inland. Rather than enter Canada at any border (airport, land or ferry) like an outland applicant would do, to receive my PR I would have to ‘land’ at an immigration office instead.
The waiting time to land at the Vancouver office (my nearest landing office) was six months. Ouch. I was grateful that my application had been processed reasonably quickly (11 months compared to the expected 18. Waiting another six months just for a formal ‘landing’ however seemed crazy.
Landing in Vancouver
The awful ski season we were experiencing at Mount Washington led us to bump up our summer road trip plans. Our adventure was to take us all over BC and the Yukon, with little internet or phone signal along the way. We would also be leaving our last address permanently. It would, therefore, be very difficult for CIC to contact us for an interview.
Knowing that CIC’s call centre was likely to be fairly useless on the subject, I wrote a letter to the Vancouver landing office to explain the situation. I did include a note that I knew that going on a road trip wasn’t the most desperate of circumstances, but I would appreciate any help at all.
The day my letter arrived the office, we received a phone call from a CIC agent who asked if we could come in the following Friday for a landing interview. We couldn’t believe it. I honestly didn’t think it was legitimate until we got to the CIC office on Friday and my name was called. After a couple of formalities and some signatures, I landed and become a Permanent Resident! As evidence of this, I was given a COPR – Confirmation of Permanent Residency.
receiving my PR card
My PR story isn’t quite over. As a Permanent Resident, you have a PR Card as identification, essential when returning to Canada from abroad and for other things like signing up for health care. When landing inland, an automatic request for a PR card is sent. It took four months to receive my PR card. This was super frustrating when it came to my driver’s license, as Service BC refused to renew my photo card until I had it. I had to carry a paper only license and renew it every month until I received my PR card.
permanent residency card replacement
Just over six months after finally receiving my PR card, we went on a trip to Europe and had all of our belongings stolen in Italy. It was a bad situation already, but my still-new PR card was amongst the stolen items too. I was cross-questioned when returning to Canada and applied for a new card as soon as I could. That was in June 2015. I finally received my card after an interview in Vancouver in June 2016.
The road to citizenship
Under the citizenship requirements when I became a Permanent Resident, I would have been able to apply to become a Canadian citizen in Spring 2016 (2 years of PR status plus 2 years on temporary work permits). Unfortunately, the rules changed under the Harper government to requiring Permanent Residents to live in Canada for four full years with PR status. These rules changed yet again in 2017 under Trudeau, this time back to the original regulations.
Permanent Residents now need to live in Canada for three years of the last five to be able to apply for citizenship. Time on temporary work permits can be contributed up to a maximum of a year, at a 50% rate. I applied for citizenship in October 2017 and finally became a Canadian citizen seven months later.
My Canadian immigration timeline
December 2011 – Arrived in Canada on my first one year long working holiday permit
December 2012 – Activated my second one year long working holiday permit
March 2013 – Applied for Permanent Residency via common law sponsorship
January 2014 – First stage approved, received sponsorship work permit
February 2014 – Went to the UK for two week holiday
February 2014 – Decision Made on second stage (approval, yay!)
March 2014 – Notified of six month landing wait in Vancouver
April 2014 – Landed in Vancouver, less than a week after sending letter to Vancouver office
August 2014 – Received Permanent Residency Card
May 2015 – Applied for replacement PR Card
June 2016 – Received replacement PR Card in Vancouver after interview
October 2017 – Applied for Canadian citizenship
March 2017 – Passed citizenship test
May 2017 – Became a Canadian citizen
Are you applying for Permanent Residency in Canada? What’s your story?