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Working Holiday Visa 2024 Canada IEC: Ultimate Application Guide

Looking to apply for a working holiday visa for Canada with dreams of working a ski season or living in Vancouver?

The International Experience Canada (IEC) program is what you need. It is the easiest way for young people to live and work in Canada temporarily.

This guide is intended to help applicants prepare and apply for the IEC, specifically the working holiday stream. It explains everything you need to know about successfully getting a working holiday visa for Canada in 2024.

Gemma hiking up a hill with lake and mountain views behind
A taste of what you could get up to on your working holiday in Canada

If you want to read just one article about the IEC application process and be confident about applying yourself, this is the guide you need!

I have been writing application guides for the IEC for 10+ years and moved to Canada via the program. I also run an IEC Facebook group with more than 37k members.

There is a lot of misinformation about the IEC on the internet but you can be assured that this application guide is the most up-to-date and comprehensive around. 

This post was last updated in March 2024.

The FAQ section at the end covers the most common areas of confusion, such as ‘how do I apply for the IEC?‘ and ‘when does the 2024 season close?‘ and ‘what happens if I don’t get an invite?

What you’ll find in this guide:

Important updates – read this first

The 2024 IEC pools opened on 11th December 2023. The first round of invitations for most countries (including the UK) started on January 8th 2024.

New for 2024, the age limit for UK citizens has increased to 35 inclusive (from 30). Overall participation time for UK citizens has also increased from 24 months to 36 months (1 x 24 months, 1 x 12 months).

Other recent IEC news – Since early 2023, receiving a POE (final IEC approval) no longer counts as participation if you do not activate it.

Looking down into a valley on a plateau, with multiple calm lakes surrounded forest and snow capped mountains (Lake O'Hara, British Columbia)
Lake O’Hara, British Columbia

What is the IEC program?

International Experience Canada (IEC) is Canada’s youth mobility scheme, run by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). Participants must be aged 18-30 or 18-35 (inclusive).

Within it, there are three programs –

  • Working Holiday
  • Young Professionals
  • International Co-Op

Participating IEC countries have at least one of these programs available, with some countries having more than one.

The most popular IEC stream is the working holiday program as it provides an open work permit that can be used to work anywhere in Canada (no job offer required!)

The length of the included work permit varies from country to country. Check out the chart below for more info.

Australia: 24 months
18 – 35
Austria: 12 months
18 – 30
Belgium: 12 months
18 – 30
Chile: 12 months
18 – 30
Costa Rica: 12 months
18 – 35
Croatia: 12 months
18 – 35
Czech Republic: 12 months
18 – 35
Denmark: 12 months
18 – 35
Estonia: 12 months
18 – 35
France: 24 months
18 – 35
Germany: 12 months
18 – 35
Greece: 12 months
18 – 35
Hong Kong: 12 months
18 – 30
Ireland: 24 months
18 – 35
Italy: 12 months
18 – 35
Japan: 12 months
18 – 30
Latvia: 12 months
18 – 35
Lithuania: 12 months
18 – 35
Luxembourg: 12 months
18 – 30
Netherlands: 12 months
18 – 30
New Zealand: 23 months
18 – 35
Norway: 12 months
18 – 35
Poland: 12 months
18 – 35
Portugal: 24 months
18 – 35
San Marino: 12 months
18 to 35
Slovakia: 12 months
18 to 35
Slovenia: 12 months
18 to 35
South Korea: 12 months
18 to 30
Spain: 12 months
18 to 35
Sweden: 12 months
18 to 30
Switzerland: 18 months
18 to 35
Taiwan: 12 months
18 to 35
UK: 24 months + 12 months
18 to 35*

There are also reciprocal IEC arrangements with Mexico and Ukraine but these programs have been closed for 5+ years
*New for the 2024 season

Participation in Canada’s working holiday visa program is usually a one-time deal unless you have dual citizenship.

Each participating IEC country has an annual quota of places based on reciprocal agreements with Canada.

Demand outstrips the quota in certain countries for Canada’s working holiday programs.

France and South Korea are examples where demand is high. This once was the case for the UK as well, but from 2023 it seems that demand has lessened and there are now more places than UK applicants.

For more advice, check out my IEC Working Holiday guide and my IEC Facebook group.

How much does a working holiday visa for Canada cost?

The following are the total costs for a working holiday visa for Canada (in Canadian dollars).

Please note that none of these fees need to be paid until you have received and accepted an invitation to the working holiday program. 

2024 fee list:

  • Participation fee – $172
  • Open Work Permit Holder fee – $100
  • Biometrics fee – $85
  • Police certificate(s) – country dependent
  • Medical, if applicable* – country dependent, $300-500 average
  • Travel insurance policy for the length of your intended stay in Canada**
  • Flights/travel expenses to Canada
  • $2,500 proof of funds to show on arrival in Canada 
  • Return flight or proof of additional funds to purchase a return flight

*For those intending to work closely with children or in healthcare AND/OR applicants who have visited certain countries for 6 months or more

**Typical 2 year IEC policy without ski coverage is around £600-700 for British citizens, $2000+ for Australians

This post includes affiliate links. If you make a purchase via one of these links, we may receive a small percentage at no extra cost to you.

Quick Overview of the IEC Canada application process

The IEC application process was completely reworked in November 2015. Before this, the process was first come, first serve.

The application process for applying for a working holiday visa for Canada is as follows:

  1. IEC working holiday applicants must first complete the ‘Come to Canada’ questionnaire to check their eligibility for the IEC program
  2. Eligible candidates then create a profile (with identity details, citizenship, current residence etc) which is put in a pool for the category they wish to participate
  3. IRCC will regularly invite candidates from each pool to participate in the program throughout the next year unless the quota runs out sooner. It is a random selection. An invite may take a week, a month, six months to arrive, or in the case of countries with more demand than places (such as France) not at all
  4. Once an invite is received, the applicant has to decide whether to accept or decline within 10 days
  5. After the invite has been accepted, applicants will then need to apply for a work permit by submitting completed forms, documents (such as police certificates) and payment within 20 days
  6. Up to 8 weeks after submitting the work permit application, a decision will be made

The IEC working holiday program runs in year-long ‘seasons’, generally running from autumn to autumn.

If you’d like to be alerted of updates, sign up for my IEC newsletter (includes a free packing list on sign up!) or join the O Canada IEC Facebook Group

IEC Application Process Overview graphic with 8 steps
IEC Working Holiday Visa Application overview. You may also want to check out the official version

How to apply for a Working Holiday Visa Canada

Read on for a step-by-step guide to the IEC working holiday application process. Be sure to also check out the official IEC application guide.

Step One: Check eligibility for the IEC program

The first step to apply for your IEC working holiday in Canada is to check eligibility using the ‘Come to Canada’ tool.

Note that the first question is ‘What would you like to do in Canada.’ To participate in the IEC program, the answer would be ‘IEC – Travel and Work.’

Entering the rest of your personal information is straightforward from here.

If eligible, you should see a confirmation of eligibility for the IEC working holiday program and then a reference code (e.g. JM1234567890). There will also be a link lower on the page to the next step of the process.

Step Two: Create profile to submit into the IEC Canada pool

To create and submit an IEC profile for a working holiday visa in Canada, you will first need an IRCC account.

If you already have an IRCC account (previously called MyCIC) from a previous application, you can use it for this IEC application too. If you do not have an IRCC account, you will need to use the ‘Continue to GCKey’ link to open one.

  1. Once signed up/logged in, select ‘International Experience Canada’ under the ‘what would you like to do today’ title.
  2. On the next screen, you will need to enter that personal reference code you got at the end of the Come to Canada questionnaire. Entering the correct code will take you to the e-service application.
  3. On the e-service application, there are four categories of information to validate and submit. Some information that you supplied in the Come to Canada questionnaire has already been entered automatically for you. Only basic contact and personal details are required for this section, along with information from your passport.
  4. Each section must be validated and then saved.
  5. Once each section is complete, you can submit your profile into the pool.

The profile must be submitted within 60 days of starting it. Once entered, the profile will remain in the pool for a year. Submitting your profile is free and you do not have to accept a place and continue in the process if invited.

Step Three: Wait for an invite

All eligible applicants in each IEC pool have an equal chance of being picked randomly.

This does, however, mean that if you are applying for a program that has high demand, there is sadly no guarantee you will receive an invite to the Canada working holiday program.

While waiting, consider what police certificate(s) you may need to apply for and whether you need to perform a medical exam.

Police certificate(s)

These are required from any country or territory where you have spent six months or more since the age of 18.

This six-month period is not cumulative (doesn’t accumulate), so even if you live in another country (other than your home country) for four months every year, you still wouldn’t need a police certificate for that country unless asked.

Medical exam

An exam is required if you have lived/travelled in certain countries for 6+ months OR if you plan to work closely with children/health-related services in Canada.

The exam must be performed by an approved Panel Physician. If you do not complete a medical before arriving for Canada working holiday, your IEC work permit will state that you are unable to work in these sectors.

Step Four: Receiving an invite for the IEC Program

If you are randomly selected, an invite to apply for a work permit will be sent to your IRCC account inbox. Applicants have 10 days to decide whether to accept or decline the invitation.

  • Clicking ‘Start Application’ accepts the invite, waiving whatever is left of the 10 day period. As soon as the application is ‘started,’ the next stage begins.
  • If you have multiple/complex police certificates to apply for and/or a medical (or just need more time in general) consider holding off clicking the ‘Start application’ button for 7-8 days. Whatever you do, do not wait until the 9th or 10th day! Technical issues sometimes cause the IRCC website to fail.

Step Five: Apply for IEC work permit

After accepting your IEC invite, you will have 20 days to complete a work permit application via your IRCC account.

  1. First, you must submit more information regarding your work/education history, citizenship info, and communication details (email address, phone numbers etc).
  2. A fair amount of this info is pre-loaded from stage one (profile) and is not possible to change.
  3. Your answers to the work permit application questions will determine a list of required documents that also need to be uploaded. IRCC will guide you through the process to download/complete/upload the forms and complete payment.

For most people, the required list of documents will include:

  • Family Information Form IMM5707
  • CV/Resume
  • Digital Photo
  • Police Certificate (multiple) – don’t worry if you only have one!
  • Passport/Travel document (scan of photo page plus all stamps)
  • Participation fee of $156 plus $100 for an Open Work Permit Holder fee if taking part in the working holiday program

Since 2019, IEC applicants have had to provide biometrics (fingerprints and photo) at a Visa Application Centre (VAC) after submitting their work permit application. More details below.

There is an optional ‘Client Information’ slot (under ‘Optional Documents’) which is useful if you need to provide any extra information about your application. If you are having trouble submitting your application without something in this section, upload a document and then delete it. You should now be able to submit your work permit application.

Important! If you do not have the required documents within the time you need to submit them (police checks, medical proof if applicable) you should upload a ‘Letter of Explanation’ (self-created) to explain why. You will then be given a time extension for this section of the application.

  • Provide as much proof as you can regarding the missing documentation (receipts, medical or biometrics appointment email, a copy of request sent to police)
  • If you do not upload any receipts/appointment proof/Letter of Explanation and the 20 days run out, your application will be cancelled and you will have to wait for an invite again
  • When asked for a document later, make sure you submit it correctly – upload and transmit. Follow the instructions here (‘if we sent you the request via your account’). If you do not transmit the document, your application will be cancelled

Stage Six: Submitting biometrics

Since 2019, IEC applicants have been required to submit biometrics – fingerprints and a photo to complete their working holiday visa application.

These biometrics can only be submitted at Visa Application Centres (VAC), Application Support Centres (ASCs, USA only) and some Service Canada locations (in Canada only).

After submitting your work permit application, you’ll be sent a request to submit biometrics, usually within 24 hours. You must submit your biometrics within 30 days.

Here is what you need to know about IEC biometrics:

  • Biometrics can be given at any VAC in the world – applicants do not have to go to the one in their home country
  • As of Dec 3rd 2019, IEC applicants can now give biometrics at selected Service Canada locations in Canada
  • It is only possible to submit biometrics with a request letter. This is sent to the applicant after submitting the work permit application (stage five in this guide)
  • Submitting biometrics costs $85. Applicants also have to make their own way at their own expense to the nearest VAC, ASC or designated Service Canada location

Stage Seven: Receiving your POE (final approval)

Once your biometrics have been submitted, you should receive an assessment within 56 days (8 weeks). If not, follow your application up with the IRCC web form.

If successful with your IEC working holiday application, you will find a ‘Correspondence Letter’ in your IRCC account inbox.

This is your Port of Entry Letter of Introduction (referred to as a POE or LOI). Please note, however, that the POE is NOT your work permit. Your actual IEC work permit will be issued to you on arrival in Canada when you choose to activate it.

Congratulations! Be sure to print and save your IEC POE Letter, so you have both electronic and paper copies.

See below for an example of an IEC POE.

Red star #1 indicates the validity of the letter. This is the length of time you have to travel to Canada to activate the POE and receive your physical IEC work permit. This will be one year from the issue date of your POE unless you completed a medical as part of your application. In this instance, it would be one year from the date of the medical.

Red star #1 indicates your eTA number. All visitors need an eTA (electronic travel authorisation) to board a flight to Canada. eTAs last 5 years and one is automatically issued with your POE. You may be asked to show this eTA number when checking in for your flight. If you’ve changed your passport since applying for the IEC, you’ll need to apply for a new eTA.

POE letter

Arriving in Canada for your working holiday

With your POE approved, you can now move to Canada anytime within the next year. I would not recommend waiting until just before expiry to activate in case of flight or other travel delays.

When travelling to Canada to activate your IEC work permit, you will need to bring the following:

  • Passport
  • Valid POE letter
  • Proof of $2500 in funds – bank statement or online banking print-out dated within the last 7 days
  • Proof of a return flight OR additional funds that would be used for a return flight (credit card is acceptable)
  • Proof of insurance for the full length of your intended working holiday in Canada

I also recommend bringing printed copies of the following documents, to avoid any potential expiry date mistakes on the work permit:

More tips can be found in our IEC working holiday arrivals checklist post.

When issued your work permit, triple-check all details before leaving immigration.

If there are any issues, it is much more difficult to fix after leaving the airport or border. In particular, be sure to check the expiry date and work location (it should read ‘open’).

Long-stay travel insurance policies can be hard to find. Check True Traveller (EU citizens and Brits), Fast Cover or HeyMondo (Australian citizens) and BestQuote (over 100+ nationalities). Click to discover more about working holiday visa Canada insurance options

Calgary skyline
Calgary is one of the most popular destinations for those applying for a working holiday visa in Canada

Working Holiday Application Advice and Tips

After years of helping others with the working holiday visa application process, I’ve picked up a few bits of crucial advice that may be helpful along the way.

General application advice

  • Be sure to fill in all form fields when completing the IEC application. If a question does not relate to you, enter ‘n/a’ or ‘not applicable.’
  • Some countries have a residency requirement e.g. Sweden, the Netherlands. If you are from one of these countries it is mandatory to list a permanent mailing address in your home country to be eligible for the IEC. If you don’t, you will be automatically refused
  • Always answer as truthfully and completely as you can. If there is not enough space in a field for you to fully answer the question, upload an additional Word document with more information under the ‘Letter of Explanation’ section
  • Don’t leave time gaps in the resume. The resume is NOT designed to be used in Canada to look for work, it is a document required by IRCC to understand your movements (employment, education, travel) before the application. The immigration team are not evaluating work/education skills but is looking for gaps in the resume that may suggest travelling/working in other countries (and hence a police certificate may be required). If you leave gaps, IRCC may request more information and this will delay your application
  • The question ‘What is your current country/territory of residence?‘ refers to where you physically are at the time of application. If this has changed since you completed your IEC profile, add a Letter of Explanation in your application and explain where you currently are.
  • Keep in mind that IRCC may contact you and request more documentation, depending on your circumstances. This does not necessarily mean you will not get your IEC work permit, but it will prolong the process

Police certificates and medicals

  • Police certificates are required from each country or territory where you have lived for six months or more. The certificate(s) must be no more than 12 months old unless they are from a country you no longer live in and have not returned to. If not in English or French, the certificate must be translated
  • IRCC has confirmed that this six-month period is not cumulative, meaning that you could live in another country for four months every year but would not need to provide a police cert from that country unless asked)
  • It is generally easier to complete a medical before entering Canada to activate your IEC. It is possible to do a medical in Canada after you have arrived but you will have to go to a border to have your work permit details changed after the medical has been processed. This loses you time on your work permit and may cost extra money
  • If you have more than one document for a category (i.e. two police certificates) combine documents into a multi-page PDF using an online converter

Submitting your application

  • Before submitting your IEC work permit application, make sure you have uploaded each document in the right category.
  • If IRCC contacts you and requests another document, make sure you upload AND transmit that document. Follow the instructions here (‘if we sent you the request via your account’). If you do not transmit the document, your application will be cancelled
  • Don’t leave it until the last minute to submit. Although you have 20 days to submit the documents, do not wait to submit until the 20th day. Anything can happen – computer failure, server issues…both at your end and with IRCC. Don’t risk it! If you don’t have a document (e.g. police certificate) by the time you need to upload it, submit the details in a ‘Letter of Explanation’ in this slot instead.
  • Once you have your POE, print it at least once and then save it onto your computer and keep a backup via the cloud/email/USB storage. Don’t let your only copy of your all-important POE be an online version. You never know when websites are going to be down for maintenance or have other technical issues!

IEC Frequently Asked Questions

When will the 2024 IEC season open and close?

The 2024 season opened on 11th December 2023. Applicants are now able to create a profile and enter the pools.

The first round of invitations for most IEC countries (including the UK) started on January 8th 2024.

The 2024 season closure date has not been announced yet. Based on the last few years, I would anticipate the season to close in mid or late October (more info below).

How do the IEC seasons work?

It is not possible to apply for the IEC program all year round as it runs using application cycles or ‘seasons.’

Each season usually lasts around 10 months. The exact opening and closure dates change from year to year.

The 2020 season opened in December 2021 and was put on pause in March 2020.

The 2021 season opened in February and closed in November.

The 2022 season opened in mid January and closed in mid October.

The 2023 season opened on 9th January and closed in late October.

The season just opened – what do I need to do now?

Don’t rush! The system is often overloaded on the first few days of the season opening.

I would recommend to wait a few days – the IEC is not a first come, first serve system. To add to that, the first invites are not usually sent out for a week or more.

After a few days have passed, get your passport ready and create a profile (as per the instructions in this guide).

The UK program has new rules in 2024 – what does this mean?

UK citizens can now take part in three different IEC programs – Working Holiday, Young Professionals and International Co-Op.

The overall duration of the IEC program has increased too – UK citizens can participate for up to a total of 36 months over two participations.

The first participation is for 24 months, and the second participation is for 12 months only (any combination of the three IEC programs).

The age limit has also increased, from 18 to 30 inclusive to 18 to 35 inclusive. This means that you can apply for the IEC (enter a profile into the pools) until your 36th birthday. You must receive an invite before turning 36 to participate.

The Working Holiday program is still the best fit for most IEC applicants as it allows you to work for any employer across Canada.

For the Young Professionals program (YP), a skilled job offer is required. The YP program is most useful for applicants who are already in Canada and have an employer interested to continue hiring them. The YP offers 50 points towards Permanent Residency (Express Entry) if you also meet the PR requirements for the job offer.

How did the pandemic change the IEC application process?

There have been quite a few changes to the program since March 2020. Since 1st September 2022, however, things are back to normal.

Is there anything I can do to prepare my application before the pools for the next season open?

It is best to just wait until the pools are open (but read my answer to ‘when should I apply for a police certificate’ below first). Once the pools do open, it is not necessary to rush.

Since the IEC no longer runs on a first-come, first serve system, there is no benefit to submitting an application on the day the pools open.

Invites do not usually start immediately, most often the week after. Take your time and make sure all details are correct before submitting your IEC profile.

What happens if I don’t receive an invite during the IEC season?

Since the IEC does work as a lottery (random selection)and some pools are oversubscribed, it is possible to not receive an invite during the IEC season.

At the end of the season, all profiles are removed from the pool (the only year this did not happen was 2022). At the start of the next season, you’ll need to enter a new profile. Not being picked during a prior season does not affect your chances of being picked in a new season.

I’m stuck in a loop on the website – I can’t start/finish my application. What’s going on?

This is, unfortunately, a relatively normal occurrence with the IRCC website.

First, clear your cache and try again. If this doesn’t work, try different browsers (Chrome, Edge, Firefox etc.)

If it still doesn’t work, try a different device and then repeat the above (clear cache, different browsers).

Trying a different time of day is a good idea too.

My passport runs out within the next year. Will this be a problem when applying for the IEC working holiday program?

For the working holiday visa program in Canada, your passport must be valid at the time of application. Once you have your POE, I would recommend getting a new passport before you go to Canada.

I can’t open any of the PDF forms required to complete the application, what should I do?

The PDF forms (IMM###) do not open on mobile devices, such as cell phones or tablets. They must be opened on an actual computer.

You must have the latest Adobe Reader to open these files. A free copy of Adobe Reader is available from the Adobe website.

Download the form, then navigate to the document. Right-click the file and then select ‘Open with’ and choose Adobe. You can tick a box so that similar files will always be opened with Adobe.

I turn 31/36 soon, how does this affect my IEC application?

To be eligible, you must submit your profile to the pool(s) before turning 31 (36 for some countries) AND receive an invitation before turning 31/36. It doesn’t matter how old you are when entering Canada for the actual working holiday.

I am a British citizen and do not seem to be eligible to take part in the working holiday program?

The most common issue to come up for British applicants is having trouble passing the initial ‘Come to Canada’ questionnaire. Make sure that you have selected ‘British Citizen’ (code GBR) for the country/territory of your passport.

When should I apply for a police certificate?

It is my opinion that it is not worth applying for police certificates in advance unless:

a) you are from (or have lived in) a country which has low demand or unlimited places (e.g. Australia)


b) the police certificate has a complex application process

I hold two different citizenships and I could apply to the IEC with both. How does that work?

Wow, lucky you! You can only be in one pool at a time, though, so you’ll need to choose which to enter first.

If you’re desperate to get to Canada ASAP, choose the one which has better odds (more places, less applicants).

If you think you may stay in Canada for a long time, consider choosing the one with ‘worse’ odds. Then you can secure the most difficult one to get before leaving for Canada and apply for the second one while in Canada (knowing that you’re more likely to get it).

I applied during a previous season but did not get an invite. Can I apply again?

Yes, as long as you still meet the requirements (the main one being age).

This is also true if you applied during a previous season, received an invite and did not continue with the application OR received an invite, accepted it and then withdrew the application later.

As long as you didn’t receive the POE (final acceptance, called a ‘Correspondence Letter’) then you can apply again.

Can I apply for the IEC program from within Canada?

Yes, you can apply for the IEC from within Canada. The application is entirely online. Do be aware, however, of two important issues:

Some countries require you to list a permanent mailing address from the country of your citizenship. If you do not, your application will automatically be refused.

This affects citizens of Italy, Spain, Netherlands, Belgium, Japan, Czech Republic, Latvia, South Korea, Sweden, Hong Kong, Denmark, Slovakia and Norway.

From the 2023 season onwards, Italian citizens are also required to have a residency certificate.

Secondly, I would not recommend going to Canada to wait out the rest of the application after submitting a profile to the pool unless you are from a country with an unlimited quota (or with very good odds of receiving an invitation). Visiting Canada for a holiday is fine, but waiting for months without being able to work is not ideal.

I have moved house/country since applying for the IEC. Do I need to update the address on my application?

No. The IEC application is entirely online – nothing will be sent to you. So there is no need to update your address.

As mentioned in the previous FAQ, it is, however, very important to include a permanent mailing address from the country from your citizenship if you are from Italy, Spain, Netherlands, Japan, Czech Republic, Latvia, South Korea, Sweden, Hong Kong, Denmark, Slovakia and Norway.

What is an eTA, do I need one?

Canada has an Electronic Travel Authorization program. This means that every visitor arriving by air needs approval before boarding their flight to Canada. POEs are always issued with an eTA automatically (check your POE letter for the number).

Applicants do not need to apply for an eTA unless they change their passport after application.

I am a dual citizen – am I eligible to participate in the IEC more than once?

Yes! As per this IRCC FAQ answer, dual citizens (or triple citizens for that matter) can take part in the IEC as many times as each citizenship will allow.

Once you receive a second invite for your second citizenship, you’ll need to answer YES to “Have you ever applied for or obtained a visa, an eTA or a permit to visit, live, work or study in Canada?“ then NO “Have you ever participated in International Experience Canada before?”

Finally, you’ll also need to upload a Letter of Explanation to mention your dual citizenship status and prior participation on the other passport. If you have previously provided biometrics for your first application, you do not need to provide them again (they are linked to a person rather than a passport).

Is there a template for the resume/CV?

There is no longer an example provided but here is an older IEC resume sample. The most important thing to remember about the IEC working holiday application resume is that it is not the same as a work resume.

The IEC resume is a factual timeline of your work, travel and educational history. Do not leave timeline gaps. If you do, you will be asked to complete an additional form that will slow down your application (and it’s a pain to do!)

I have been asked for a Court Record/police report, why is this?

If you’ve been asked for this document, you answered ‘yes’ to the “Have you ever committed, been arrested for, been charged with…..” question. You will need to get details of your arrest/offence and submit this.

If you’re from the UK, you can apply for a Subject Access Report. I would also suggest attaching a Letter of Explanation with more details of your offence and how you have been rehabilitated since then.

I have just received an email which says something has changed in my IEC application, but there is no update. What is going on?

These are referred to as ‘ghost emails’ by those in the IEC community – think of them as a false alarm. Most Canada working holiday applicants get a couple during their application, but it is perfectly normal to not receive any either. What you need to be looking for is an email about a ‘new message’ on your account.

I am currently in Canada or have lived in Canada before – do I need a Canadian police certificate for my IEC working Holiday Application?

Not unless specifically asked by IRCC.

I have previously lived in Canada. IRCC has now requested an RCMP Criminal Record Check. How do I get this?

A minority of applicants may be asked for an RCMP Criminal Record Check due to previous residency in Canada. Do not apply for this unless you have been specifically requested for one. The request may come even if you have already received your LoI/POE.

If you are in Canada, this is reasonably straightforward to get. Visit your local RCMP station for more info. If you are outside Canada it is much more difficult and involves sending either a postal application (which takes a LONG time) or submitting an electronic application through a third-party company.

My friend Joe from morehawes has been through this himself (in fact, this advice is all his) and initially had his prints done at a local police station in the UK. They were rejected. He ended up going to New Scotland Yard in London and paying a high fee to get them done, but these were actually accepted.

The staff at NSY are practised at doing fingerprints the old way (ink), while at smaller police stations it is a rare thing to do.

You can usually request an extension if you are having trouble getting the Police Check done by a certain timeframe.

I’ve lived in Queensland or Victoria (Australia) for over 6 months. IRCC says I need a traffic report or driving history?

Even if you did not drive in these Australian states or hold an Australian license while living there, you still need a traffic report/driving history to complete the police certificate requirements.

Victoria Full License History Search:

Contact VicRoad’s Licence Correspondence Team at [email protected] and ask for an email confirmation that you have never held a Victoria license. Include the following:-

A scanned passport copy
A detailed explanation of your request, eg. ‘For my Canadian working holiday application, I need proof that I did not hold a Victoria license while living in Victoria’
A list of all addresses you lived in while in Victoria
Your current contact information, phone number, address
How you would like VicRoads to send you this information e.g. ‘Please send the written confirmation via email’ (so that you can then upload this with your Australian Police Certificate, in the same multi-page PDF with any other police certificates).

Queensland License History:

Contact the Department of Transport and Main Roads at [email protected] and ask for an email confirmation that you have never held a Queensland license. Explain the situation (applying for a Canadian working holiday) and include the following:
Completed F2121 form (link updated February 2024)
Three proofs of identity

The License History usually has a fee but politely request for it to be waived since you have never held a license. The response from the Department of Transport and Main Roads has been varied for IEC applicants – some people have been asked for identity proofs to be certified, others have been asked to pay a fee. Payment is difficult as they only accept cheques and postal orders.

I said I already had a job in Canada in the first stage. now it says I must provide information including an employer number for this job. How do I do this?

As per the IRCC FAQ, fill out the fields with obviously fake numbers e.g. 99999999 and/or write “Not Applicable – Working Holiday” where possible. The IEC working holiday program offers an open work permit so employer details are not required. Even if you do have a job lined up, it’s best to just receive the standard open work permit so you’re not tied to that specific employer.

I have been refused because I did not include an address in the country of my citizenship in my application. What’s the deal with this?

The eligibility criteria for some countries require applicants to have a permanent mailing address in the country of their citizenship. Be sure to check the requirements for your own country. I’ve seen people try and appeal this before with no luck. If you are refused, you’ll just have to apply again with the correct info next time.

Should I use BUNAC/SWAP/other working holiday companies to help with my application?

If you are a citizen of an IEC-participating country and it is your first application, I would highly recommend applying independently of any company.

While it may be your first time travelling or living abroad, there is a lot of information already available about working holidays online plus a range of different forum websites (including Facebook) on which you can gather advice on the application and arrival process.

Another thing to keep in mind is that when you apply to the IEC yourself, your priority is your own application. Allowing a business to apply on your behalf gives the control away to someone else and you will NOT be their priority.

My advice would be to keep your own IEC destiny in your own hands! Many horror stories have been shared in my IEC Facebook group. In one example, the person’s IEC POE letter (approval) was cancelled as they were travelling to the airport to depart to Canada!

My advice would not be the same, however, for those applying through a Recognized Organization (RO) for necessity. This could be because your country does not have an IEC program.

More recently, ROs have also been given separate allocations of IEC that they can offer to second-time applicants or even to people beyond the regular age limits. This information is changing so often that it is best to check the files in my Facebook group for updates.

I did not submit my IEC work permit application within the required 20 days. What happens now?

I’m afraid you have missed your opportunity to get your POE and will receive a refund for fees paid. You will need to apply again for the IEC and hopefully receive another invite.

Help! My Letter of Introduction (POE) is blank?!

You are probably opening the PDF on a mobile device – try opening the document on a computer. Or better still, save the file onto your desktop and then open it.

Is my POE the work permit?

No, you’ll receive the actual work permit in Canada. For more info on the arrival process, check out this post (it’s refers to Vancouver but the process is roughly the same at any Canadian border or international airport)

I’ve received my POE but no longer can/want to go to Canada at this time. Can I apply again sometime?

As of 9th January 2023, receiving a POE no longer counts as participation. So as long as you don’t activate the POE in Canada, you can apply again when it expires (usually one year after the issue date).

Can I go to Canada for a holiday without activating my IEC work permit?

Yes. POEs are not automatically activated so it is no issue to visit Canada without accidentally starting your working holiday. The eTA issued with your POE (page 2) will be valid to use to fly to Canada so be sure to have a printed copy of this to show at check in.

Can I use an online bank statement/screenshot as proof of funds?

Yes, as long as it has your name on it. I personally used a screenshot (and it was checked).

What kind of travel insurance do I need to buy for my working holiday in Canada?

Travel insurance for a working holiday in Canada must cover repatriation, and medical expenses and be the length of your intended work permit. Otherwise, you risk having a shortened permit with no option of extension.

Two-year travel insurance policies are not super common. Check True Traveller (EU and UK citizens). Fast Cover is also an option for Australians, as is HeyMondo and Best Quote.

How long will my IEC working holiday work permit be valid for?

It depends on your citizenship. I have listed working holiday lengths for all IEC nationalities at the beginning of this post.

The other considerations are passport validity and work insurance policy length. Be sure that your travel insurance policy matches the length of your allowed stay in Canada.

If your passport expires during your working holiday, don’t panic, there is a process to extend your IEC work permit once the new passport arrives.

Can I study while in Canada on the IEC?

Yes, as long as the course is completed within six months.

Is it possible to extend my IEC working holiday visa?

Only in very specific situations. These specific situations include correcting expiry date mistakes made by border officers. It is NOT possible to extend an IEC work permit outside of these specific scenarios. If you want to stay longer in Canada, consider either applying for Permanent Residency or an employer-supported work permit (with a positive LMIA).

After I receive the POE, how long do I have before I need to go to Canada and activate it?

Exactly one year from the date of the POE unless you had a medical as part of the application. In this case, the POE would expire one year after the medical. The expiry date of the POE is always listed on the document.

If you have a burning question about applying for Canada’s working holiday program, you’ll probably find the answer below.

Communication – Who can I contact?

As a government organisation, IRCC (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada, previously called CIC) is notoriously hard to get in touch with.

There is a Canadian call centre but to be honest, like many call centres, they simply repeat information from the official website. They cannot offer much in the way of advice and updates about your specific application.

If you’re looking for advice on applying for the program the best resource is the IRCC website and the official IEC application guide.

My Facebook group is a great resource for advice from others who are currently applying or have done so before. If you have a question, it’s most likely been asked (and answered) there already.

If you are refused or need to add anything to your application after step five, use this IRCC webform

Final notes and disclaimer

Any questions? Leave a comment or check out my O Canada Facebook group.

About me: I have been helping people understand the IEC process for 10+ years. I moved to Canada on the IEC program and later became a Permanent Resident and more, recently, a Canadian citizen. I live in British Columbia.

Please note: I do not work (or have not ever worked) for IRCC. I am not an immigration lawyer or consultant. The information here has been gathered from personal experience/online research of the IEC working holiday program as well as second-hand information from previous applicants.

If you follow the advice above and in the comments below, you are doing so on the understanding that it is peer-to-peer advice. I cannot be held liable for any problems with an IEC application (including a refusal).

Secondly, be aware that I refer to ‘working holiday visas’ in this article but the IEC program actually offers an open work permit. Most participating countries are part of Canada’ visa waiver program and hence citizens from these countries do not need a visa to enter Canada. 

Looking to apply for a working holiday visa for Canada? The International Experience Canada program is what you need. This up-to-date guide features everything you need to know about applying for a Canada working holiday!

Found this post helpful? Subscribe to our IEC newsletter!

Working holiday advice and updates delivered straight to your inbox, with a FREE printable IEC packing list 

Check out these Canada working holiday guides next:

Working Holidays in Canada: Everything You Need To Know

Insurance Options for Working Holidays in Canada

How to Work a Ski Season in Canada

The Cheapest Way to Transfer Money to Canada for your Working Holiday

Toronto vs. Vancouver for your Canadian working holiday

Calgary vs. Toronto for your Canadian working holiday


Saturday 23rd of March 2024

Hi Gemma

I've been asked to fill out the IMM 5257 SCH1 (previous travel) form. I've completed it and it is ready to be sent off. The problem is, I don't think I've been told how to send it. Where and how do I send it? I hope this makes sense and you will be able to answer my question. Thank you!


Sunday 24th of March 2024

Hi Kevin,

When you log in to your online IRCC account, there should be a new upload spot. Make sure you click "next" until it's submitted.

Richard Marks

Monday 22nd of January 2024

Great guide thanks! How often are working holiday draws? I’ve missed the first for the year but wondering how long I should expect before the second?


Wednesday 24th of January 2024

Hi Richard,

Usually every week but not always. The only way to know for sure is to keep an eye on the numbers for your country on the Rounds of Invitations page. The 'invitations issued to date' will change.


Monday 15th of January 2024

Hi Jr and Gemma, I’m from Australia and have previously participated in the IEC program. Once before 2014 for two years and a second time in 2016 for a year. I saw this posted

Exception: If you participated in IEC one or more times before 2015, you might be eligible for a final participation of up to 24 months in the category of your choice.

On another site I saw someone from Australia said they were able to extend their IEC a third time with this rule.

Was wondering if you had any insight and if this applied to me as well.

Thanks! Ewan


Tuesday 16th of January 2024

Hi Ewan,

No, I don't believe you would be eligible to apply again. You mentioned participating in 2016 for one year - that was your 'final participation of up to 24 months' as per the exception quote. You would have been eligible for a 2 year work permit at that point - if you only received one year, was it due to having only one year of insurance or only one year left on your passport? In the case of the latter, you would have been able to extend, but only while the work permit was still valid (not now).

The other Australian you mentioned may have another passport (dual citizenship) OR they applied anyway and received an invitation. Receiving an invitation is not difficult (it is an automated system), but they would be refused during the next stage (when documents were checked).


Monday 15th of January 2024

Hi Gemma!

Thank you for all the information!

I do have one question which I can't seem to find an exact answer to it. I have dual citizenship( Irish/Romanian). IEC is only open for Ireland and I have applied as such. On the document checklist under "Passports/Travel documents(Multiple)" it states to upload a valid travel document which I will use to travel.

Should I submit my Romanian passport as well or just the Irish one(which I used for IEC)? I have an eTA on my Romanian one, but I think I have included that info during the process.

Many thanks, Vlad


Monday 15th of January 2024

Hi Vlad,

Upload both but make sure the Irish one is marked as the primary. I hope that helps!

Patrick Short

Saturday 13th of January 2024

Hi Gemma

My son has an IEC working holiday visa and has been in Canada for 14 months. When he applied, the length of the visa was 2 years. Since that time it has been extended to 3 years. Is there a way for him to extend his visa to 3 years?

Regards, Patrick


Saturday 13th of January 2024

Hi Patrick,

UK citizens are now eligible for two IEC participations - the first for two years and the second for one year. It is not an extension - it is necessary to apply for each participation.

If your son would like to stay in Canada for another year (in addition to the two years he already has), he needs to apply again from scratch. No need to re-do the biometrics though - they can be reused by ticking the box saying you’ve given them for a previous application. If the previous UK police certificate was obtained when he was in the UK, he will need a new one. There is no requirement for a Canadian police certificate - IRCC do their own checks and will specifically ask if they want one.

The second IEC work permit can be activated by visiting the USA and then returning to Canada or flagpoling. I'd recommend doing that at the very end of his existing work permit - if he activated it early, he would lose any outstanding days on the current work permit.