Canada is consistently listed as one of the best places to live in the world. It is not surprising then that thousands of people every year try and make the move to the Great White North. And who can blame them? It’s a land of opportunity, endless wilderness, poutine and a stable, welcoming society. I, for one, am proud to call this beautiful country home. If you’d like to join me, here’s the lowdown on the three main ways you potentially can AND a quick-start guide for your arrival in Canada.
International Experience Canada (IEC) working holiday program
The IEC program offers young citizens of participating countries the chance to live and work in Canada for up to two years. The IEC working holiday program includes an open work permit that allows the holder can work and travel anywhere in Canada. It also does not restrict how long you can work for an individual employer. Many IEC participants go on to apply for Permanent Residency. Restrictions on age and length of IEC participation vary according to citizenship.
The application process is currently based on a random selection procedure. Applicants complete basic eligibility questions online and enter a pool, from which candidates are then invited from over the next 6-8 months. The actual application process, when invited from a pool, can take up to two months.
The demand for IEC places can be higher than available places in certain countries. The 2018 program opened in November 2017 and is almost filled at the time of this update (April 2018) for quite a few citizenships. Based on the last few years, the 2019 program is likely to open October/November 2018, but it could be anytime before or after this.
Check out my application guide to apply for this cycle or get prepared for the 2018 IEC season. I also have a 100+ page eBook guide detailing the working holiday application process, arriving in Canada, finding work, filing taxes, travelling and more! Finally, check out my IEC Discussion and Support group on Facebook. We have over 4600 members.
Top tip – if you are lucky enough to have another qualifying citizenship (e.g. British AND Irish), you can also apply using this passport. Ireland’s working holiday program has more places and much less demand than the British version.
While the IEC program provides an open work permit, Express Entry offers the opportunity to become Permanent Resident. Being a Permanent Resident of Canada means you can basically come and go to Canada for the rest of your life as long as you live there for a minimum of two years of every five. Pretty sweet hey? Thousands of people emigrate to Canada every year using the Express Entry system.
Express Entry is a point-based program that evaluates candidate’s skills, work experience, education and potential to settle in Canada. Eligible candidates are put into a pool and then the highest scoring candidates will be invited to apply for permanent residency. Total potential point score is 1,200. Once invited, the application process takes around six months.
Important score factors
Age – in general, the lower your age, the more points
Language ability – Minimum language ability required, and yes, even native English/French speakers must take a test to prove it
Work Experience – The more skilled work experience you have, the more points. Use the NOC to work out whether you are a skilled worker – candidates must be skill type 0, or level A or B.
Canadian job offer – A very good point scorer (600!) but not easy to get. A job offer has to be backed up by a LMIA – something that proves no Canadian is willing/able to do the job. Without a job offer, your score will not go over 600 points.
Nomination from a Province/Territory (e.g. BC’s PNP program) – Also a big point scorer. Each province/territory has their own ‘worker shortage’ list and if your profession is one of these, you can apply for the province to sponsor you.
Canadian work experience – If you have already worked a skilled job in Canada for a minimum of one year you may eligible for the Canadian Experience Class stream within Express Entry (more points!)
The easiest way to see whether you may be eligible is to use the Comprehensive Ranking System.
Top tip – Common law partners and spouses can ‘piggy-back’ onto their partner’s application and also gain PR this way.
If you have a cousin or aunt in Canada, you may be wondering whether they can sponsor you to join them. The short answer is probably not. In general, it is only common-law partners and spouses that can be sponsored, plus parents and grandparents. In the latter’s case, the application takes a very long time. There are however a few exceptions, notably for orphaned children and for Canadian sponsors who do not have ANY kind of family living in Canada at all e.g. brother, parent, aunt, nephew, grandparent etc.
Spousal or common law sponsorship is straightforward if you already have a partner who has Canadian citizenship or Permanent Residency. Common Law in this context is defined as a couple who have been living together ‘as married’ for at least one year.
There are two routes to apply for Permanent Residency via the common law/spousal route: inland (within Canada only) or outland (within Canada or anywhere else in the world). Both married and common law couples have to prove the legitimacy of their relationship in the paper application. I received Permanent Residency via the inland common law route.
Top tip – The outland application processing time is generally shorter than inland, but an open work permit is currently being offered within four months of the application process for inland applicants.
Moving to Canada: the logistics
So you’ve secured your POE (Port of Entry = IEC final approval) or COPR (Confirmation of Permanent Residency) – congratulations! The next move is to start wrapping things up at home and booking that all important flight! The following guide is aimed at those moving to Canada from outside the country.
Disclosure: This moving guide includes affiliate links. If you make a purchase using these links, I make a small percentage of the sale. I only recommend products I use or would use. Thank you for supporting this site.
IEC applicants will need to buy travel insurance covering the length of their expected stay in Canada. This is mandatory to take part in the program (please note the other documentation required for arrival on the above linked page). Two-year travel insurance policies can be difficult to find. Check True Traveller (EU citizens), Fast Cover (Australians), Down Under (Kiwis) and World Nomads (over 100+ nationalities).
Those heading to Canada to become Permanent Residency should consider purchasing private insurance to cover their first few months in Canada. Most provinces/territories have a three-month waiting time for new residents to use their free or low-cost healthcare system. Be careful to check the small print of any healthcare policy as many do not cover people moving to other countries to live permanently.
While it would be convenient to have accommodation set-up before the move, this can be difficult. I would recommend booking a short-term house/flat rental instead via a company like Airbnb (never used Airbnb? Use this link to receive a discount on your first booking) to ease the transition. It is a lot easier to look for accommodation (rental or otherwise) in person.
Arriving in Canada
There are two main ways to activate your work permit (IEC) or Permanent Residency in Canada. The first is to fly in and activate at your arrival airport. After departing the plane, follow the directions to customs/immigration, complete the electronic customs declaration at the machines and hand the printed card to an officer. From here you will be directed to immigration, in a separate area of the arrivals area. There may be a wait, depending on how many other new residents have also recently arrived. You’ll be able to pick up your bags after immigration.
The other way to activate a work permit or Permanent Residency is by travelling to the US/Canada border. Perhaps you were visiting or touring Canada when your IEC or PR application was approved. Or maybe you felt like doing a bit of travelling first. Either way, you can either take a holiday to the USA and then return to Canada OR flagpole. The latter is a completely legal process that involves an administrative refusal at the US border so you can return immediately back to Canada.
applying for a sin
After activating your work permit/PR and settling into your accommodation I’d recommend getting your Social Insurance Number (SIN). This is required for working in Canada. Fortunately, getting your SIN is a quick process. Bring your passport, immigration documents (work permit, COPR etc) to a Service Canada office. While the SIN takes less than 10 minutes to be issued, be aware that there may be a long wait.
Opening a Canadian bank account
Most Canadian banks have monthly fees to have an account with them. Luckily, there are quite a few ‘newcomers’ deals around that waive fees for at least a year for new residents. Interac debit cards are given out as standard with new bank accounts. Some may offer a credit card (with or without a deposit) on the first visit.
Something to be aware of when choosing a bank is that there is a charge for withdrawing cash from ATMs not owned by the bank you have an account with. So pay attention to which banks are the most common in your local area before opening an account. Luckily, most businesses in Canada accept debit and credit cards.
An alternative to banks, credit unions often offer free chequing accounts. Other free options include using an online bank like Tangerine. With Tangerine, you have to provide Canadian ID (drivers license, ID card) and address proof (utility bill, car insurance etc.) I personally use Tangerine and would recommend it for simple, free banking. If you enter my ‘orange key’ – 52249338S1 – when signing up, you’ll receive an extra $25 ($50 if they have a promotion running!) into your account with your first $100 deposit.
Now with a Canadian bank account, you may decide to start transferring money from home. The easiest and cheapest way of doing this is by using an online money transfer service such as Transferwise or CurrencyFair. The fees for online money transfer services are lower than any other transfer option and the exchange rate matches the ‘mid-market rate’ – this is the rate listed on live currency websites such as XE. Transferring money using TransferWise and CurrencyFair is also incredibly easy. If you sign up to one of these services with the links above, you will receive one free transfer.
Getting a Canadian phone number
Having a local Canadian number is important, especially when applying for jobs. All of the main cell phone service providers usually have a presence in major city malls and electronic stores such as Best Buy. Most providers also have standalone stores. Canadian cell phone plans are not cheap but there are often deals. Be sure to speak to a few different providers before making a decision. Something to keep in mind is that not all cell phone companies cover everywhere in Canada – Freedom Mobile for example only provides coverage in Canada’s biggest cities.
I’ve been using Koodo for quite a while now. They offer flexible month to month plans and use the same signal as Telus (who have one of the biggest coverage networks). affordable (for Canada!) and flexible month to month plans. If you choose to sign up with Koodo too, click this link and submit your name before signing up and you’ll receive a $25 credit towards your first bill.