Aged between 18-30 and want to go live and work in Canada for a year (or two)? The program to fulfill your dreams is called International Experience Canada (IEC) working holiday program and it provides a one (or two!) year work permit available for citizens aged 18-30 of participating countries. In some countries, the age limit is 35 and the length of the work permit 24 months. With the IEC working holiday program, you can work and travel anywhere in Canada without a job lined up in advance.
For British citizens, the IEC working program provides a 24 month work permit available before the age of 31. For the last four years, the IEC program has opened between December-April. There has not been an identifiable pattern to the opening dates.
The Working Holiday category opened to citizens of the United Kingdom on March 12, 2015. Round 1 opened on Thursday March 12th at 2pm GMT (10am EST – Ottawa time) with a quota of 2,500. Round 2 opened April 7th 2015 at 3pm London time (GMT+1) with 2,500 places available.
This guide was intended to help British applicants prepare for the 2015 IEC working holiday application cycle. For more information on going on a working holiday in Canada, consider purchasing my 99 page eBook – ‘The Ultimate Guide to a Working Holiday in Canada’
The IEC application is made up of two stages – an initial eligibility screening and then the actual work permit application. Note that this is probably not the official explanation but that is my interpretation (2 x IEC participant, now Permanent Resident through common law sponsorship).
Places are allocated via an online first-come, first-serve process. You will need to move very quickly for the first two parts of Stage One, less so (but still with some haste!) for the other sections. First, check you are eligible to take part in the program. If so, read on for more info about the IEC application process.
September 30th – It is (almost) all over for the 2015 program! New deadlines have been added to the IEC homepage. October 9th is the last day to submit a Kompass application (waiting list or otherwise) and is also the last day that invitations to apply will be sent to people on waiting lists. November 17th is the last day for submitting MyCIC applications (with valid CAL) in Stage 2. After this, it’s a waiting game for the 2016 program to open.
“For the country you currently live in, the police certificate must be issued no more than six months before you apply.
For countries where you have lived for six months or more, the police certificate must be issued after the last time you lived in that country.”
And another quick update re: New Zealand police certificates. For whatever reason, CIC are being very finicky regarding the Consent for Disclosure forms. Despite not updating the relevant section of this website, it appears they want people to get the Ministry of Justice cert instead this year. From this point, I would recommend getting this one instead.
April 11th – The UK IEC program was limited to two rounds (March 12th, April 7th) and a reduced number of 5,000 places in 2015. Round 2 places went in just 2 minutes. There is a 5,000 place waiting list operating.
April 1st - Round 2 of the UK allocation will open April 7th (no April fool!) at 3pm London time (GMT+1)
March 13th – Important update for British applicants and others applying for a British police check. ACPO now accepts online applications! For paper applications, new forms are needed – from March 11 only forms Version 20 or higher will be accepted.
March 12th - The 2500 places in round 1 were snapped up in 12 minutes. Congrats to anyone who made it in! If you didn’t finish your application before the quota went, don’t panic, you will be able to submit in round 2. Keep your eyes on the IEC website for the announcement of round 2’s opening. Based on previous years, it is likely to be sometime in the next week.
March 9th - The UK program will open March 12th 2015 at 2pm GMT, 10am EST (round 1/3, based on the last two years). Last year’s UK rounds were 12th Dec, 17th Dec and 21st Jan.
March 7th – Updated FAQ section re: new 24 month work permit for British applicants and what this means for previous participants.
March 4th - Ireland’s International Co-op and Young Professionals opens March 5th at 10am Ottawa EST. Irish applicants wanting to apply for the Working Holiday program are able to sign up for Kompass at this point (see FAQ section for more)
February 24th – IEC season is officially upon us as per this CIC notice! Croatia opened today and other country’s programs will follow in the coming days.
Afternoon update – CAL is now valid for 14 days in Stage 2 according to new application guide and PDF diagram (see bottom of post).
February 12th – According to this CIC notice, it appears that IEC work permits will be subject to an additional $100 fee on top of the standard processing fee.
February 4th – A CIC bilateral agreement document dated Jan 30th seems to suggest that the IEC program for British citizens will now offer one 24 month work permit rather than the current 2 x one year work permit system.
January 23rd - The new CIC issued cartoon diagram of the IEC process (see bottom of page) indicates that applicants will only have 7 days from receiving a CAL to open a MyCIC account AND upload all required documents. See MyCIC section for more info. Updated to 14 days 24th February.
January 21st – The IEC website was updated stating ‘The International Experience Canada (IEC) 2015 season will not open before mid-February 2015.’
FAQ – What can I do to prepare for the program opening?
Gather all of the information required for the first two steps of Stage One e.g. Kompass password which fits criteria, passport info etc.
Have your UK ACPO police certificate application ready (plus any other police certs you may need, read on for more info)
How to apply for the IEC
There are two stages of the IEC process:
Create Kompass account
Apply for Conditional Acceptance Letter (CAL) to participate in IEC
Upload Required Documents
Conditional Acceptance Letter
Apply for work permit via MyCIC
Stage One – Create Kompass account
As soon as the program opens, create a Kompass account. A Kompass account enables you to apply for the IEC. If you open a Kompass account before the program opens, it will not be valid. Even if you have participated in IEC before, you will still need a new Kompass account for 2015.
Opening a Kompass account is straightforward; you will need to enter (as per 2014):
Family name (matching passport)
Given name(s) (matching passport)
Date of birth (yyyy-mm-dd format in 2014)
Personal Email Address
Confirm Email Address
Password: 8-12 characters, case sensitive, at least one uppercase letter A-Z, at least one lowercase letter a-z, at least one number 0-9, at least one character ! @ # $ % ? & * ( ) ^
Then create security questions
If you are having trouble logging in to your new account, make sure the Kompass account has been activated via email (see last point) and you are using the Kompass login page for your country of citizenship as each log-in page is unique. There is a ‘forgot my password’ option if neither of these options work.
For Internet Explorer users with browser loading or time-out issues –
1.Select Select Tools, then Internet Options, then Advanced (tab).
2.Make sure that the “Use SSL 3.0″ box is selected.
3.Click “Apply”. Restart the browser.
Try using a different browser (Chrome, Firefox etc) if you’re experiencing issues. If you have access to one, a second computer/laptop is also handy for back-up.
A great tip – record both your Kompass and MyCIC (the latter you will create later in the process) logins, passwords and security questions/answers somewhere so you do not get them mixed up or have problems logging in at a critical time.
Apply for Conditional Acceptance Letter
Once logged in to your brand new Kompass account, you’re ready to apply for your CAL. To be able to secure yourself a place in the 2015 quota you must apply for the CAL straight after creating your Kompass account.
During this stage, this information will be required:
Your personal details – Full name, date of birth (yyyy-mm-dd), sex, citizenship, place of birth (town/city), country of birth and marital status
Passport details – Passport number (top right of passport page), expiry date (in 2014 this was formatted yyyy-mm-dd).
Contact details – Home address, mailing address if different to street address, email address (twice), telephone number (main/alternate, latter not required)
Current/previous participation in IEC information – This is very straightforward if this is your first IEC. Otherwise, have your WTN number OR the year you entered Canada as well as the month/year of application on previous IEC (applicants have been asked for one or the other in previous programs)
IEC category – Select Working Holiday to confirm which program you are applying for (there are also Young Professionals and Internship programs under the IEC category)
Privacy and declarations – Tick to declare you have read and understood the terms and conditions of the IEC and the Canadian government’s privacy policies
Your name and passport details must be entered as they appear in your passport unless otherwise a specific format is asked for. It is essential to complete this application as fast but as accurately as you can. Mispellings or misinformation may risk your participation in the program.
At the end of each page select ‘complete’ not ‘save’ when finished. If ‘save’ is selected, you’ll have to go back in again and re-select ‘complete.’
The application can only be submitted when the program is open. Only press ‘submit’ once when finished. If click submit again, your page will reload and your place in the queue will be lost.
After your application is sent, a confirmation will appear on the page, with your WTN (World Tracking Number) listed. This is unique to your application. If the number is below the quota (e.g. this year, below 5350), you fulfill the eligibility requirements and all of your submitted information was accurately entered then you are well on your way to your CAL! The WTN will also be sent in a message to your Kompass account, titled ‘Notice of Submission.’
If you have made any mistakes such as typos in your application, contact CIC as soon as you can via Kompass’s ‘MyMessages’ and explain the error(s). If you don’t tell them, you may be disqualified.
Within 48 hours of submitting your application, you will receive a ‘Notice of Receipt’ message through Kompass. This will tell you whether you have a place in the quota or are on a waiting list. If you’re lucky enough to be included in the former, you will be instructed to pay the participation fee.
SIDE NOTE – This is the best time to apply for your UK ACPO police certificate. The Standard service is 10 days, so consider holding off on your IEC payment for a couple of days. Allowing yourself some leeway here will help you in Stage Two. If you decide to apply for it after payment, there is some time but it is tight. The Express Service, as the name suggests, is super fast if you have the £ for it. If you plan to work with children or in the health services in Canada this also is the time to make an appointment for a mandatory medical exam. The exam must be performed by a qualified panel physician (the CIC has a list), not your own GP.
Follow the instructions given on Kompass, found below ‘Application Status.’ The easiest way to pay is online, via credit or debit card. In 2014, the fee was $150. You have ten days to pay the fee after you receive the Notice of Receipt.
For the final part of Stage One, you will need to upload two required documents to Kompass, also within ten days of receiving the Notice of Receipt.
A scanned or electronic copy of your up-to-date CV, in resume style (follow format at bottom of page here)
A scanned copy of the photo page of your passport (make sure this is legible, there is no ‘second chance’ if refused)
It is possible you may be asked for further documentation, depending on your circumstances.
Conditional Acceptance Letter
Within 48 hours of sending payment plus the two required documents you will receive another ‘Notice of Receipt’ in your Kompass inbox. Your application will now be processed. Time to wait! It may take up to 14 days to receive either the Conditional Acceptance Letter or a refusal through Kompass.
At this point, the new 2015 graphic (posted at the end of this guide) states that you should use CIC’s ‘Come to Canada’ wizard to create a checklist of documents you will need to upload in Stage Two, while waiting for your CAL to come through. This will help you get prepared for the next stage. If you haven’t already, apply for your UK ACPO police certificate.
Stage Two – Apply for a work permit via MyCIC
Receiving a Conditional Acceptance Letter means you’re almost there. Hopefully you have already sent off for your UK ACPO police certificate and any other police certificates you may need (for anywhere else you have lived for over 6 months after the age of 18 with the exception of Canada) - if not, you need to apply ASAP. If you plan to work with children or in the health services in Canada you should have already booked yourself (and possibly even completed) a medical.
You will have 14 days from receiving your CAL to create a MyCIC account, complete a work permit application, upload the CAL letter and all other required documents.
In 2014, applicants were given 90 days to complete the work permit application and upload additional documents through MyCIC. For the 2015 program, the time limit has been drastically reduced to 14 days. Until 24th February, this was listed as 7 days. It has now been extended to 14, which is more do-able.
If you do not have the required documents within the time you need to submit them (police checks, medical proof if applicable) you can upload a ‘Letter of Explanation’ (self-created) to explain why. Upload as much as you can and provide as much proof as you can regarding the missing documentation.
Here’s how Stage Two works.
Use CIC’s ‘Come to Canada’ wizard to create a checklist of documents you will need to upload if you haven’t already. This checklist will also provide you with a code to enter while applying for the work permit through MyCIC. The checklist of documents will look something like this –
MyCIC will guide you through the process to upload your documents and download the required forms. If stuck, use this guide for reference. (And yes, the ‘Application for a work permit outside of Canada’ form must still be filled in even if you are currently IN Canada)
There is also a new $100 Open Work Permit Holder fee that needs to be paid in this section. This is required in addition to the $150 fee in Stage 1.
As always, fill in all form fields
If a question does not relate to you, enter ‘n/a’ or ‘not applicable.’
The little ‘i’s on CIC’s website are useful!
They offer help and assistance (as in above picture) if you click on them
Combine multiple documents in a category
If you have more than one document for a category (i.e. two police certs) combine documents into a multi-page PDF using a converter like this.
Answer as truthfully and completely as you can.
If there is not enough space in a field to you to fully answer the question, upload an additional Word document with more information.
Your passport scans
These must include the photo page as well as any page with stamps or markings.
You do not need to have a job lined up for the IEC
Don’t worry about including any planned employment (even if you do have a job lined up!) You can live or work anywhere in Canada for a year so enter ‘unknown’ or ‘n/a’ in all ‘intended job/work’ related fields.
Police certificates must be dated within the last three months. UPDATE APRIL 24th (see top of page)
A UK ACPO police certificate is required as well as one for any country you have lived in for 6 months or longer since the age of 18. The one exception is Canada, as they can usually perform their own police checks (but it isn’t unheard of to be contacted for one which can be tricky if you are back in the UK). Be prepared for some police certificates (e.g. the USA) to take a long time – if this relates to you, research and consider applying for the certificate before the program opens.
If you plan to work with children or in health care
You will need to get a medical exam at this stage. Read more information on the CIC website here. (See FAQs for common medical exam related questions)
Make sure you have uploaded each document in the right category. You may be refused for simply having the documents in the wrong place.
Don’t leave it until the last minute to submit
Although you have 14 days to submit the documents before your CAL expires, do not wait to submit until the 14th day. Anything can happen – computer failure, sever issues…both at your end and with CIC. Don’t risk it! If you don’t have a document (e.g. police cert) by the time you need to upload it, submit a ‘Letter of Explanation’ instead. Don’t wait around too long.
Once you have submitted your documents…
…you’re almost home free! It is waiting time again.
Keep in mind that CIC may contact you and request more documentation, depending on your circumstances. This does not necessary mean you will not get your IEC work permit, but it will prolong the process.
CIC states that you should receive an assessment within 42 days. If successful, you will find a Port of Entry Letter of Introduction (LoI) in your MyCIC inbox. Congratulations!
A tip here – SAVE your LoI onto your computer and then print it out. Don’t let your only copy of it be an online version. You never know when websites are going to be down for maintenance or have other technical issues! The same goes for your CAL in stage one.
Print your Port of Entry Letter of Introduction and take it to Canada along with your proof of $2,500 in funds (a printed bank statement) and travel/backpackers insurance covering the length of your trip (True Traveller covers working holidays including those 24 months in length!) and you should receive your IEC work permit in your passport.
More information about arriving in Canada, proof of funds and insurance can be found in my ‘Descriptive Guide to A Working Holiday in Canada.’
International Experience Canada (IEC) FAQs
- When will the IEC program open?
As of February 24th, the IEC season is open. Each country’s individual programs and categories (working holiday, International Co-Op, Young Professionals) will now open one by one. Before the season opened, IEC claimed applicants would receive 72 hours notice of the date on the website and on their Twitter. Croatia’s working holiday program however opened at 11.50am Ottawa time on February 24th with little notice.
- You mean the IEC program may just open without notice? How will I know when it opens?!
Keep an eye on the IEC website and join the various IEC Facebook groups. Pro tip from fellow IEC veteran Joe (also now a Permanent Resident!) over at morehawes - consider using Change Detection to automatically notify you when the IEC page is updated, though I’m not sure what kind of delay it has. I am trying to keep this guide as updated as I can, but I am only human after all. I also only update regarding the British IEC working holiday program.
- What time will the program open?
With no news regarding the scheduled opening dates, no-one knows. Round 1 for the 2015 UK program opened at 2pm GMT (10am Ottawa time with daylight savings)
- Can I open a Kompass or MyCIC account before the program opens?
You can open a Kompass account but there is no reason or benefit to doing so with one exception*. You will have to open another one later since everyone (including people applying for the 2nd time) must create a brand new Kompass account when the 2015 program opens. Continue reading for more info regarding opening a MyCIC account. *The one exception is for citizens from countries with more than one IEC category, see question below.
- I’m from a country that has more than one IEC program. Can I open a Kompass account before my preferred program opens?
Yes. Citizens of countries such as Ireland with more than one IEC category (Young Professionals, working holiday, International Co-op) are able to open a Kompass account and fill out the majority of the CAL application when one of their country’s categories opens. They will then have to wait to complete the ‘IEC category’ and submit when the Working Holiday program opens. This sadly does not apply to British applicants due to there only being one category (working holiday).
- When should I get a UK ACPO police certificate?
The best time would be once you have been asked for payment in the third step of Stage One. At this point you have a WTN number and a work permit potentially ‘reserved.’ An ACPO certificate takes around 10 days to process, but a premium service is available. Prepare the police certificate documents (signed photos, forms) in advance. If money is not a concern by all means apply for the ACPO ahead of time.
- What kind of UK police certificate do I need?
The certificate must be ACPO, from the ACRO. A CRB check is invalid.
- I’m currently in Canada on my first IEC – do I need a Canadian police certificate?
Not unless specifically asked by CIC.
- I’m currently in Canada on my first IEC – is the process the same?
Yes. Despite having been in Canada for potentially the last year, you will still need to apply the same way as if you were in the UK. This includes applying for an ACPO police certificate. This can be tricky since the ACPO requires signed photos from a professional who has known you for more than two years. The address on the police certificate should be your Canadian one.
- I have participated in IEC recently twice before. Now that there is a new 24 month work permit available for British citizens, can I apply again?
No. Only new applicants and those who have previous participated once are eligible for the 24 month IEC work permit (working holiday program). As per the British IEC page –
“If you participated in IEC before 2015 for a period of up to 12 months, you are eligible for a second participation of up to 24 months. Those who participated in IEC more than once before 2015 are no longer eligible to apply.”
- How about if I went on two working holidays to Canada with BUNAC pre-2011 (or one with BUNAC and one direct with IEC after 2011), would I be eligible? I thought the record was ‘wiped’ in 2011 and participation through BUNAC didn’t count.
Sadly, no, you would not be eligible. IEC seems to have done a bit of a reverse move and now say that ALL participations (BUNAC or not) count towards the total. There has been much confusion regarding this, especially since participation through SWAP, a partner organisation of BUNAC, apparently does not count since it is a recognised organisation.
I’ve had a couple of readers email me with information from IEC/CIC regarding this (thank you!) The following excerpt from an email from IEC/CIC provides the definitive line on this:
- Do I have to get a new police certificate?
As per CIC rules, police certificates must be less than three months old when submitted. Even if you have not been to your home country recently, you still must have an up to date police certificate.
- Should I use BUNAC?
BUNAC, and other working holiday companies, cannot guarantee you a place on the IEC program, so look carefully into what exactly you are paying for. It may be your first time travelling or living abroad, but there is a lot of information already available about working holidays online plus a range of different forum websites (including Facebook) on which you can gather advice and possibly meet others in the same situation.
- Do I need proof of $2500 in funds when I apply?
No. You only need proof of $2500 in funds on arrival in Canada.
- Do I need proof of insurance when I apply?
No. You only need proof of insurance on arrival in Canada.
- Do I need a medical?
Only if you plan to work in specific fields ‘where public health must be protected’ i.e. schools, nurseries, nursing homes etc. The medical MUST be performed by a panel physician from the CIC’s approved list. There are panel physicians located around the world so if you are currently out of the UK do not panic. Find all of the information regarding medicals on the CIC website here.
- What if I decide I want to work with children or in the health services when I’m actually in Canada? I don’t want to get one before I go.
If you change your mind once in Canada, you can get your work permit changed to allow you to work with children or in the health services. Find a panel physician, have the medical exam performed and then visit a border (the airport won’t work) with the proof of your exam to get your work permit updated.
- Am I allowed to apply using two passports? I am from Northern Ireland and hold both Irish and British passports.
Yes, if you are eligible you are allowed to apply to both quotas though you must apply as if both application is your only application. Do not reference that you are applying for another quota under the ‘previous participation’ sections of the IEC application (stage one). If you are successful and receive a Port of Entry Letter of Introduction (end of Stage two), you should declare it at this stage via a message in your Kompass account even if you have not received a second LoI yet.
- I made a small mistake in entering my details in the CAL application, what do I do?
The following infomation was provided in 2015 after submitting the CAL application –
Do not withdraw your application if: You have made an error and there is a minor discrepancy in your application and your documents (for example: reversing your first and last names, or a digit or number off for your date of birth or passport number). Instead please contact IEC through “My Messages” in Kompass.
- What happens if I do not get in on the first round?
In 2014, there were three rounds. With applications being submitted so quickly, many people did not manage to complete the CAL application (second part of Stage One) before the round closed. When the second round opened, these people were able to log back in to Kompass and continue with their half-completed application. Even if they again did not finish before the round closed, they still had another chance in the third round to submit.
- I did not manage to submit in an earlier round (but entered everything except ‘IEC category’), what do I do now?
When the next round opens, log back into Kompass. Select working holiday within section 4 and complete. If you have completed all sections, you will be able to submit. On the next page, you will need to tick four boxes and type your Kompass password again. Press submit and you’re done! Well, almost. A minority of people have been asked to confirm how many letters there are in the word ‘Canada’ as a “I am not a robot” test before submitting. If this happens, type ‘6’ not ‘six.’
- What happens if I am put on a waiting list?
Don’t give up! People drop out for all sorts of reasons. Applicants on the waiting list for the 2014 cycle are still being sent Conditional Acceptances now (Dec 2014/Jan 2015).
- Am I able to open a MyCIC account ahead of time?
Yes, you can. You can also start completing the required forms if you like. Note that the listed of required forms may be added to and the code from the ‘Come to Canada’ questionnaire expires after 60 days.
- Help! Some of the forms say I have to sign them. How can I electronically sign them?
You do not need to sign each individual form. Validate them as prompted and once they are all submitted you will be asked to to complete an electronic signature (which involves ticking a box) on behalf of all of them.
- What if I do not have the required documents (police certificates) for Stage 2 in the time I need to submit everything?
As per the IEC guide, ‘notify CIC immediately if you require more than 14 days to submit your documentation for your work permit application (e.g. police certificates).’ You may be granted an extension.
- I lived in Australia for over 6 months. CIC says I need a traffic report (driving history) as well as the police certificate since I lived in Queensland and/or Victoria. I never drove in Australia or had an Australian license while I was there so what do I do?
Contact the transportation authority in Queensland and/or Victoria and explain your situation. Both authorities accept email enquiries – explain that you need a letter stating that you did not have a license (and therefore no driving history) and give all your relevant details (dates you lived there, address you lived at etc). You should receive an official letter back which you can upload to MyCIC.
- If I receive a Letter of Introduction (LoI), how long do I have to enter Canada?
You will have one year (two for some nationalities) to enter Canada and then another year to live and work in Canada. Example – I am a British citizen, applying for a two year IEC working holiday permit. I receive my LoI in March 2015. I have until March 2016 to enter Canada. I decide to move to Canada on 10th November 2015. I will be given a permit valid for work and travel until 9th November 2017.
- Help! My Letter of Introduction or Conditional Acceptance Letter does not look right?!
You are probably opening the PDF on a mobile device – try opening the document on the computer. Or better still, save the file onto your desktop and then open it.
- I have previously lived in Canada and CIC have requested a RCMP Criminal Record Check. How do I get this?
A minority of applicants may be asked for a RCMP Criminal Record Check due to previous residency in Canada. Do not apply for this unless you have been specifically requested for one. The request may come even if you have already received your LoI after Stage 2. If you are in Canada, this is straightforward to get – visit your local RCMP station for more info (choose the electronic submission option!). If you are outside Canada it is much more difficult.
Submitting fingerprints is an integral part of the application. Post and electronic applications are both accepted but here’s the issue: postal applications take a long time (currently 5 months!) but electronic applications cannot be filed from outside Canada. There is a way round it however; you can get your fingerprints done at a police station in your home country and then pay a private company to submit them for the electronic application for you.
Joe from morehawes has been through this himself (in fact, this advice is all his) and initially had his prints done at a local police station in the UK. They were rejected. He ended up going to New Scotland Yard in London and paying a high fee to get them done, but these were actually accepted. The staff at NSY are practiced at doing fingerprints the old way (ink), while at smaller police stations it is a rare thing to do.
You can usually request an extension if you are having trouble getting the Police Check done by a certain timeframe.
- What kind of travel insurance do I need to buy?
Check out my ‘choosing travel insurance for your working holiday’ post here.
True Traveller offers a great (and reasonably priced) range of travel insurance packages for people on working holidays, including those who need to start a policy away from their home country (i.e. long-term travellers or working holiday makers on their second IEC). They also offer 24 month coverage for British participants heading to Canada on the new 24 month work permit (most insurers only cover 12 months max).
For more on working holidays in Canada, buy my brand new eBook ‘The Ultimate Guide to a Working Holiday in Canada’ – available to purchase online in our store. More information, including content list, can be found here.
If you’re feeling generous and have money to spare, consider helping out my caffeine fund
Note: I do not work for CIC, the information here has been gathered from personal online research/experience as well as second-hand information from previous applicants. Please be aware that I cannot be held liable for you, an applicant, experiencing any problems with your IEC application due to the advice given above or in the comments section. All opinions are my own but some links are affiliate links
Thanks to Joe and Cathy for their advice and assistance in getting this as accurate as possible. Screenshots of IEC application and many of the updates are courtesy of Cathy – thank you!